The Global Terrorism Database is stating the first terror attack of the IS on French soil happened in November 2015 (Bataclan attack) while the coalition lead by France intervening into the civil war in Iraq and Syria started their military interventions against the IS in September 2014. A second coalition force lead by the US also started in September 2014 and a Russian/Iranian coalition fighting the IS was set up in September 2015.
In this perspective the terror attacks commited by the IS in the European Union that followed the military interventions into the civil war can be seen as retaliation using terrorism as a mean of assymetric warfare.
While until recently the IS was focusing its resources on defending their territorial claims in Syria and Iraq they are currently nearing a military defeat. The question is now on how they are going to react on this.
Is the IS going to transform and move on to rely on terrorism as their sole way of warfare ?
Are we going to suffer of more and more violent terror attacks in the European Union ?
Politics and public television in Germany once more ignore an important part of the aftermath of the Berlin terror attack in Dec 2016:
Astrid Passin, representing the victims and relatives of the 2016 Berlin terror attack at Breitscheidplatz was first invited to a pre-election TV show featuring Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany. A few hours before the TV event she was called by the ZDF (Second German Television) cancelling her participation.
Mrs. Passin is commenting this as following: “I think that my questions would have been too uncomfortable for them”
Link to Berliner Morgenpost Article
Link to The Guardian Article
As often mentioned in news reports about terror attacks also this attack has been committed using a so called “improvised explosive device” (IED).
Here is a short definition (Wikipedia) of what an IED is:
“An improvised explosive device is a bomb fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy or incapacitate personnel or vehicles.”
Decent introduction to Homeland Security and Cybersecurity and their interconnection.
Don’t expect into depth information/skills to be covered, but the specialization definitely gives a nice overview to the topic.
Link to Specialization